Supplementary Food

WIRES Food for Wildlife:

Approved Wildlife Food List

Small Mammals




CARER NOTES: Supplementary feeds such as store-brought items may be offered to wildlife in care to provide additional nutrition if the rehabilitation area is not capable of supplying sufficient grazing or browse naturally however, any supplementary feeds should mirror the natural diet of the species as closely as possible. The listed store-brought items may not constitute a full captive diet and carers should seek advice from their groups regarding the appropriate amount of supplementary feed to provide and to what age of animal.

Macropods such as red kangaroos, eastern grey kangaroos and wallaroos are prone to clostridial infection and they also have to develop a gut flora capable of digesting highly indigestible native grasses in often quite arid conditions. Highly digestible carbohydrates encourage the wrong kind of gut flora to develop and if exposed to clostridium the animal will be more prone to succumbing to clostridial infection either in the form of bloat, sudden death or diarrhoea. Therefore fruit and vegetables that are high in simple sugars, such as apples, sweet potatoes and carrots should be avoided for macropods.

Carers should take care to avoid foods high in oxalates and calcium in wombats.

Ringtails should not be fed any store-brought fruit or vegetables due to the detrimental effect on their gastrointestinal health.

Penguins should be given oiler types of fish as soon as possible during their rehabilitation to avoid losing their waterproofing and thermoregulation from oiling their feathers from the uropygial glands.

Carers are recommended to avoid feeding native birds on commercially available fruits as most have a fructose : sucrose ration greater than one which can cause diarrhoea, dehydration, and poor nutrition. Alternatively, a pea/carrot/corn mix for birds can be offered to birds that eat native fruits as this is close to the nutritional value of native fruits.

Lean beef should be low in fat (Heart Smart). Beef mince should be avoided because the fat content is not known.

*Any store-brought meat should have Vetafarm Insectivore Mix added for correct calcium to phosphorus ratio and thiamine.

**Diets consisting of store-brought fish should have Vetafarm Seabird Tablets included to counter thiaminase in fish. Thiamine is Vitamin b12. When fish are frozen or stored, thiaminases (enzymes that break down b12 which are naturally found in many fish species) activate and void fish of thiamine. Vetafarm Seabird Tablets are designed to overcome vitamin deficiencies that may occur, especially in diets consisting of frozen fish.

Any questions or comments regarding this list can be directed to WIRES Training via: [email protected]

Supplementary Food

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